Water in Singapore
Christine Lee, Sim Hwee Huang & Chang Chew Hung
and updated by Ivy Tan
Introduction | Task | Resources | Process | Evaluation | Conclusion
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`Water is a scarce commodity in Singapore. We have to curb the upward trend in consumption of water, and make its prudent use an ingrained habit. If not, we will be short of water in 15 to 20 years' time. We have to take water conservation measures now to slow down
its increasing demand.'
With no rivers or lakes to tap for fresh water, Singapore's only indigenous source of water is rainfall collected in its 14 reservoirs. This has never been sufficient for a country with a total population of about 4.0 million. We use about 1.24 million cubic metres of water per day (as at year 2000). Singapore imports most of its drinking water by pipeline from neighbouring Malaysia.
We have even resorted to reclaiming water through "NEWater" or a
micro-filtration process. WATER is a matter of national security.
Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong
`Water is a scarce commodity in Singapore. We have to curb the upward trend in consumption of water, and make its prudent use an ingrained habit. If not, we will be short of water in 15 to 20 years' time. We have to take water conservation measures now to slow down its increasing demand.'
With no rivers or lakes to tap for fresh water, Singapore's only indigenous source of water is rainfall collected in its 14 reservoirs. This has never been sufficient for a country with a total population of about 4.0 million. We use about 1.24 million cubic metres of water per day (as at year 2000). Singapore imports most of its drinking water by pipeline from neighbouring Malaysia. We have even resorted to reclaiming water through "NEWater" or a micro-filtration process. WATER is a matter of national security.
It's your big chance. The Editor-in-chief of the Nanyang Star has asked your team to cover the stories on the water issue in Singapore. Your team will report to the Editor-in-Chief and the executive committee in the form of a poster in three weeks' time.
Below are some topics to be covered in the water issue in Singapore:
Why is Singapore faced with a water problem?
How serious is the problem of water for Singapore and for the world as a whole?
How can we as a country solve the problem of water?
Singapore is turning to technology to alleviate its water shortage. How attractive are these alternatives such as desalination and water-purifying technologies?
You have two tasks:
a) As a group, you will do a group poster presentation on what you have found on the above areas. Your poster should be at least A2 in size and as many pieces as you require.
b) Individually, you have to write an essay to critically evaluate the alternative water sources for Singapore. The individual essay should NOT be more than 10 pages on A4 paper using double-line spacing at 12 points Times Roman font. This page limit includes figures, tables, diagrams and references. Essays should be submitted using the cover sheet.
Water (General Resources)
http://www.worldwatch.org/alerts/990717.html. Worldwatch Institute
The Water Page is an independent initiative dedicated to the promotion of sustainable water resources management and use. A particular emphasis is placed on the development, utilization and protection of water in Africa and other developing regions
Water in Singapore (General Resources)
Singapore-Malaysia Water Issue
Dealing with the water problem in Singapore
Lesson ideas on the topic of water
Please refer to this site for newspaper articles that have been scanned and uploaded on the site
An interesting WebQuest but may internet sites are not active
Relevant newspaper articles on the topic especially from the Singapore Straits Times
The World Water Council is the International Water Policy Think Tank that was founded in 1996, following recommendations issued at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. It brings together more than 300 members from about 40 countries in a unique network. The website hosts a library of reports and press releases related to the water issues
1. You will be assigned into teams of four or five.
2. Give different roles to each member of your team:
3. You may use the list of questions proposed by the Editor-in-Chief or your team may choose to brainstorm additional questions. Each team member will choose one question from the list of questions to work on.4. Use the online resources made available in this WebQuest for gathering the information you need to write the article. You are encouraged to use additional resources not provided in this WebQuest.
5. Now that you have done your research and is an expert on one topic, share the findings of your research with members of your team.6. Next comes the creative part of the process. Brainstorm ways of organising your information in the form of a poster on "The Water Issue for Singapore". Be creative here.
8. Individually write your essay to critically evaluate the alternative sources of water in Singapore.9. Present your team's poster to the rest of the class and submit your essay.
You will be evaluated in the following ways:
a) Group poster presentation: 30 marks
b) Individual essay: 30 marks
Please see the product evaluation rubric on your group poster presentation and your individual essay.
So what is your response as an individual and a concerned citizen to the water problem in Singapore. How can you become part of the solution to the problem. What is your special role as a teacher of social studies in this?
8 Feb 2003
Based on a template fromThe Webquest Page.